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United States budget

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The four largest expenses, Health, Military, Social Security, and Income Security, account for 82.48% of the total budget; $2.89 Trillion. All other budgetary expenses combined account for 19.99% of the total budget; $702 Billion. Undistributed offsetting receipts make for -2.46% of the budget; -$86 Billion. Total Budget Authority was $3.51 Trillion.

Budget Summary

The following is a summary of the U.S. Budget, 2011 (last year for certain data, as opposed to estimates - uses 2013 budgetary data)[1].


Category Sections Expense (Billions) Budget %
Health 550, 570 $862.10 24.56%
Social Security 650 $731.73 20.85%
Military 050 $717.42 20.44%
Income Security 600 $583.67 16.63%
Major Expenses $2,894.92 82.48%
Interest on Debt 900 $230.47 6.57%
Veterans Benefits & Services 700 $123.12 3.51%
Transportation 400 $86.51 2.46%
Education, Training, Employment, & Social Services 500 $76.54 2.18%
International Affairs 150 $53.59 1.53%
Administration of Justice 750 $53.58 1.53%
Natural Resources & Environment 300 $35.35 1.01%
General Science, Space, & Technology 250 $29.65 0.84%
General Government 800 $23.86 0.68%
Agriculture 350 $21.51 0.61%
Community & Regional Development 450 $14.88 0.42%
Energy 270 $6.69 0.19%
Allowances 920 $0.0 0.00%
Commerce & Housing Credit 370 -$54.21 -1.54%
Lesser Expenses $701.54 19.99%
Undistributed Offsetting Receipts 950 -$86.49 -2.46%
Total Budget Authority $3,509.97 100.00%

Detailed Budget

Category Expense (Billions) Budget % Section %
050 National Defense:
051 Department of Defense-Military:
Military Personnel $153.39 4.51% 22.08%
Operation and Maintenance $305.24 8.70% 42.55%
Procurement $131.90 3.76% 18.39%
Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation $76.69 2.18% 10.69%
Military Construction $15.99 0.46% 2.23%
Family Housing $1.83 0.05% 0.26%
051 Subtotal, Department of Defense-Military $691.47 19.70% 96.38%
053 Atomic Energy Defense Activities $18.53 0.53% 2.58%
054 Defense-Related Activities $7.41 0.21% 1.03%
Total, National Defense $717.42 20.44% 100.00%
150 International Affairs:
151 International Development and Humanitarian Assistance $21.66 0.62% 40.42%
152 International Security Assistance $12.47 0.36% 23.26%
153 Conduct of Foreign Affairs $14.03 0.40% 26.18%
154 Foreign Information and Exchange Activities $1.55 0.04% 2.90%
155 International Financial Programs $3.88 0.11% 7.25%
Total, International Affairs $53.59 1.53% 100.00%
250 General Science, Space, and Technology:
251 General Science and Basic Research: $11.74 0.33% 39.59%
252 Space Flight, Research, and Supporting Activities $17.91 0.51% 60.41%
Total, General Science, Space, and Technology $29.65 0.84% 100.00%
270 Energy:
271 Energy Supply $5.90 0.17% 88.24%
272 Energy Conservation $0.23 0.01% 3.47%
274 Emergency Energy Preparedness $0.14 0.00% 2.02%
276 Energy Information, Policy, and Regulation $0.42 0.01% 6.28%
Total, Energy $6.69 0.19% 100.00%
300 Natural Resources and Environment:
301 Water Resources $6.14 0.17% 17.37%
302 Conservation and Land Management $10.93 0.31% 30.91%
303 Recreational Resources $3.55 0.10% 10.04%
304 Pollution Control and Abatement $8.55 0.24% 6.28%
306 Other Natural Resources $6.19 0.18% 17.50%
Total, Natural Resources and Environment $35.35 1.01% 100.00%
350 Agriculture:
351 Farm Income Stabilization $17.06 0.49% 79.31%
352 Agricultural Research and Services $4.45 0.13% 20.69%
Total, Agriculture $21.51 0.61% 100.00%
370 Commerce and Housing Credit:
371 Mortgage Credit -$5.04 0.14% 9.30%
372 Postal Service $1.01 0.03% -2.02%
373 Deposit Insurance -$6.6 -0.19% 12.17%
376 Other Advancement of Commerce -$43.66 -1.24% 80.55%
Total, Commerce and Housing Credit -$54.21 1.54% 100.00%
400 Transportation:
401 Ground Transportation -$53.69 1.53% 62.06%
402 Air Transportation $21.90 0.62% 25.32%
403 Water Transportation $10.53 0.30% 12.17%
407 Other Transportation $0.39 0.01% 0.45%
Total, Transportation $86.51 2.46% 100.00%
450 Community and Regional Development:
451 Community Development $5.88 0.17% 39.57%
452 Area and Regional Development $2.76 0.08% 18.55%
453 Disaster Relief and Insurance $6.23 0.18% 41.88%
Total, Community and Regional Development $14.88 0.42% 100.00%
500 Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services:
501 Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education $39.89 1.14% 52.12%
502 Higher Education $5.94 0.17% 7.76%
503 Research and General Education Aids $3.57 0.10% 4.66%
504 Training and Employment $7.31 0.21% 9.55%
505 Other Labor Services $1.90 0.05% 2.48%
506 Social Services $17.94 0.51% 23.44%
Total, Education, Training, Employment, and Social Services $76.54 2.18% 100.00%
550 Health:
551 Health Care Services $322.46 9.19% 89.64%
552 Health Research and Training $32.80 0.93% 9.12%
554 Consumer and Occupational Health and Safety $4.47 0.13% 1.24%
Total, Health $359.72 10.25% 100.00%
570 Community and Regional Development:
571 Medicare $502.38 14.31% 100.0%
Total, Community and Regional Development: $502.38 14.31% 100.0%
600 Income Security:
601 General Retirement and Disability Insurance (Excluding Social Security) $7.99 0.23% 1.37%
602 Federal Employee Retirement and Disability $122.87 3.50% 21.05%
603 Unemployment Compensation $119.28 3.40% 20.44%
604 Housing Assistance $44.17 1.26% 7.57%
605 Food and Nutrition Assistance $105.05 2.99% 18.00%
609 Other Income Security $184.32 5.25% 31.58%
Total, Income Security $583.67 16.63% 100.00%
650 Social Security:
651 Social Security $731.73 20.85% 100.00%
Total, Social Security $731.73 20.85% 100.00%
700 Veterans Benefits and Services:
701 Income Security for Veterans $55.02 1.57% 44.69%
702 Veterans Education, Training, and Rehabilitation $10.40 0.30% 8.44%
703 Hospital and Medical Care for Veterans $50.34 1.43% 40.89%
704 Veterans Housing $1.29 0.04% 1.04%
705 Other Veterans Benefits and Services $6.08 0.17% 4.94%
Total, Veterans Benefits and Services $123.12 3.51% 100.00%
750 Administration of Justice:
751 Federal Law Enforcement Activities $28.38 0.81% 52.97%
752 Federal Litigative and Judicial Activities $13.55 0.39% 25.29%
753 Federal Correctional Activities $7.90 0.22% 14.74%
754 Criminal Justice Assistance $3.75 0.11% 7.00%
Total, Administration of Justice $53.58 1.53% 100.00%
800 General Government:
801 Legislative Functions $1.10 0.12% 17.20%
802 Executive Direction and Management $0.53 0.02% 2.22%
803 Central Fiscal Operations $12.58 0.36% 52.75%
804 General Property and Records Management -$0.61 0.02% 2.57%
805 Central Personnel Management $0.20 0.01% 0.83%
806 General Purposes Fiscal Assistance $7.77 0.22% 32.10%
808 Other General Government $2.85 0.08% 11.93%
809 Deductions for Offsetting Receipts -$3.45 -0.10% -14.45%
Total, General Government $23.86 0.68% 100.00%
900 Net Interest:
901 Interest on Treasury Debt Securities (Gross) $453.99 12.93% 196.98%
902 Interest Received by On-Budget Trust Funds -$72.03 -2.05% -31.25%
903 Interest Received by Off-Budget Trust Funds -$115.98 -3.30% -50.32%
908 Other Interest -$35.36 -1.01% -15.34%
909 Other Investment Income $0.14 0.00% 0.06%
Total, Net Interest $230.47 6.57% 100.00%
920 Allowances:
Total, Allowances $0.00 0.00% 100.00%
950 Undistributed Offsetting Receipts:
951 Employer Share, Employee Retirement (On-Budget) -$64.58 1.84% 74.67%
952 Employer Share, Employee Retirement (Off-Budget) -$15.10 0.43% 17.46%
953 Rents and Royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf -$6.38 -0.18% 7.38%
954 Sale of Major Assets -$0.43 -.01% -0.50%
959 Other Undistributed Offsetting Receipts $0.00 0.00% 0.00%
Total, Undistributed Offsetting Receipts -$86.49 -2.46% 100.00%
Total Budget Authority $3,509.97 100.00%
On-Budget $3,010.23 85.76%
Off-Budget $499.74 14.24%

Off-Budget

The U.S. Budget marks certain expenses as "Off-Budget". The above calculations include all expenses, including those considered "Off-Budget". A total of $499.74 Billion is considered "Off-Budget". Off-Budget expenses include the following:

Category Sections Expense (Billions) Budget %
Social Security 651 $629.82 17.94%
Postal Service 372 $0.99 0.03%
Interest received by off-budget trust funds 903 -$115.98 -3.30%

Largest Expenses

The largest single expenses in the U.S. Budget, those exceeding $100 Billion, are as follows:

Category Expense (Billions) Budget %
651 Social Security $731.73 20.85%
571 Medicare $502.38 14.31%
901 Interest on Treasury Debt Securities (Gross) $453.99 12.93%
551 Health Care Services $322.46 9.19%
051 Department of Defense: Operation and Maintenance $305.24 8.70%
609 Other Income Security $184.32 5.25%
051 Department of Defense: Military Personnel $158.39 4.51%
051 Department of Defense: Procurement $131.90 3.76%
602 Federal Employee Retirement and Disability $122.87 3.50%
603 Unemployment Compensation $119.28 3.40%
605 Food and Nutrition Assistance $105.05 2.99%

References

  1. Federal Government Outlays by Function, Table 5.1 - Budget Authority by Function and Superfunction: 1976–2017. U.S. Government Printing Office. Accessed July 24, 2012.