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Telegraph-plant

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Telegraph-plant
Telegraph plant main picture.jpg
Scientific Classification
Scientific Name

Codariocalyx motorius

Life cycle of angiosperm.jpg
Image Description

The Telegraph plant is a species of flowering plant known by the scientific name Codariocalyx motorius. They are also commonly known today as “the dancing plant”, and were formerly identified as the species name Desmodium gyrans. This plant caught my eye the first time I saw it because of its unique ability to move. Unlike most plants the telegraph plant moves so much so that it can be seen moving without the aid of a time lapse. Unlike many other plants that need to be shown in a time lapse to be able to be seen as alive and moving around like the telegraph plant. The reason why the telegraph plant does this is supposed to be that this is how the plant absorbs sunlight/ energy, by moving around it’s small leaves until they reach the light. Because of its movement, the telegraph plant or dancing plant is well known to be a plant that is common among plant lovers, scientists, and the homes of people. The reason why it has the nickname "the dancing plant" is because it has a strange response to high pitched frequencies. The plant's small leaves seem to bend and rotate to the flow of the music that you play for it, if it be classical or rock music the plant will dance to it.[2]

The telegraph plant was originally native to Asia and the surrounding areas, living in warm environments such as rainforests. But because of its well-known name and growing knowledge of it’s aspects the telegraph plant has been adopted all over the world as a “not so common” house plant. An upside to the plant's natural abilities is that it is known for its abilities to cure illnesses or other small problems, such as wounds, cough, malaria, dysentery and hepatitis which are just a few of its abilities. Because the telegraph plant is so wide spread and has the ability to heal, which makes the telegraph plant even more profitable for buying and selling because of its availability around the world. Since the telegraph plant is a perennial plant, it can be grown and distributed all year and help people all around the world.[3]

Body Design

Old photo that shows a good view and depiction of what Codariocalyx motorius looks like.

Telegraph-plants leaves can move in an elliptical or circular motion giving it the nickname “the dancing plant”. it's movements can clearly be seen by the human eye, but is best seen when near high pitched music which speeds up its movement, seen better in a time lapse. Each plant's leaves can vary from an amount of 10 to 11 and each lateral (from the side or sides) leaf has a measurement of 0.5 – 1.5 inches long and 1.5 – 2.5 inches wide. Each leaf is a light green shade with an even lighter underside.[4]

Each terminal (forming or situated at the end or extremity of something) leaflet is 1 – 3.5 inches long and 3 – 6.5 inches wide, the leaves and leaflets are lanceolate shaped. When fully mature the plant can grow up to 2 - 4 feet tall. Its growth rate is especially fast when it is young and as it gets older its growth rate starts to slow down more as it reaches 24 – 36 inches tall.[5]

Life Cycle

The life cycle of Codariocalyx motorius is one of an angiosperm[6] and reproduces as any angiosperm would where the microspores are transferred from the anther[7] in the flower to the ovary[8] and then fertilizing the egg and turns into a seed eventually which then drops to the ground and produces a new plant. The telegraph plant is also a perennial plant with a life span of two or more years.[9].

The telegraph plant produces purple flowers which produce green bean-like capsules that can hold 2-8 beans in each capsule. The telegraph plant usually grows in warm environments and loves lots of sun. Its leaf movements seem to be moving around to absorb sunlight which gives the flower the energy it needs to reproduce. [10]

Ecology

Locations of where Codariocalyx motorius is native to.

The Telegraph-plant is native to Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Goa, Guangdong, guangxi, Gizhou, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jiangxi, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya, Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, Pondicherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sichuan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, and Utter Pradesh. All of these areas are mainly in Asia and the areas surrounding it. [11]

The Telegraph-plant grows mainly in hot climate areas such as forests and areas abundant with light and lots of sun. It is native to many areas, and because of it’s fondness among plant lovers and scientists it has been distributed throughout many nations because of the movement it makes when responding to music. which is great for growing more and improving the knowledge of the plant but also makes it more and more complicating to trace where it has originated from.[12]

Medical Uses

The telegraph plant has a few unique and effective medical uses with cough, diabetes, and diarrhea. It is also and anticancer, antidote and antioxidant. The nutrients obtained when eating the plant includes alkaloids, apigenin, daucosterol, friedelin, luteolin, quercetin, and tryptamine (which are all nutrients).[13] Another upside of the plant is that it is native to Asia, India, and Australia but has been spread worldwide. Because the plant is grown all around the world we have easy access to the cures, antidotes , and nutrients of the plant as well as the enjoyment of watching it “dance” to music.[14]

Video

A video showing the Telegraph-plant in it's natural habitat.

References

  1. Codariocalyx motorius (Houtt.) H. Ohashi telegraph-plant USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Web. February 1, 2018. Author unknown.
  2. D'Amato, Peter.The Telegraph Plant by Peter D'Amato California carnivores. Web. january 28, 2016.
  3. Lowry, Connor. Weird and Unusual Plant: The Dancing Plant (Codariocalyx Motorius) FUN Flower Facts the Blog. Web. july 16, 2013.
  4. Codariocalyx motorius (Dancing Plant, Telegraph Plant) [formerly Desmodium gyrans] A Fascinating Green World. Web. March 24, 2014. Author unknown.
  5. [http://www.softschools.com/facts/plants/telegraph_plant_facts/2724/ Telegraph plant Facts softshcools.com. Web. visited last: January 31, 2018. Author unknown.
  6. multiple authors Angiosperm Encyclopedia Britanica. Web. February 2, 2018.
  7. multiple authors Anther Encyclopedia Britanica. Web..
  8. multiple authors Ovary Encyclopedia Britanica. Web..
  9. Angiosperms Lumen Boundless Biology. Web. October 17, 2013. Author unknown
  10. Reblehgay, Ahsimkay Codariocalyx motorius Prezi. Web. April 30, 2016.
  11. Reblehgay, Ahsimkay Codariocalyx motorius Prezi. Web. April 30, 2016.
  12. D'Amato, Peter.The Telegraph Plant by Peter D'Amato California carnivores. Web. January 28, 2016.
  13. Lowry, Connor. Weird and Unusual Plant: The Dancing Plant (Codariocalyx Motorius) FUN Flower Facts the Blog. Web. July 16, 2013.
  14. . Codariocalyx motorius Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, and Nutrients Herbpathy, make life healthy. Web. August 25, 2016. Author unknown