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Talk:Electrolyte

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Restore after project completion... --Ashcraft - (talk) 14:40, 5 May 2015 (EDT)

Potassium chromate, a strong electrolyte.

An electrolyte is a liquid or solution that can conduct electricity. Another definition would be a compound that dissolves in water to produce ions which can conduct an electrical current.[1] A substance that does not form ions in solution is called a nonelectrolyte.[2] The ions are what make electrolytes conduct electricity. Sometimes the electrolytes make substances and gases other than hydrogen and oxygen come out when the solution is electrolyzed. This is when the substance is more easily oxidized than oxygen or more easily reduced than hydrogen. Sodium chloride, for example, makes chlorine instead of oxygen. Strong acids and bases make good electrolytes because they make many ions. Weak acids, weak bases, salts that do not dissolve, and substances that do not ionize make poor electrolytes.

Examples of strong electrolytes

  • Sodium acetate[3]
  • Hydrochloric acid[4]
  • Potassium chromate

Examples of weak electrolytes

  • Acetic acid

References

  1. Chemistry: Precision and Design; Verne Biddle and Gregory Parker; A Beka Book science
  2. Brown, Theodore L.; LeMay Jr., H. Eugene; Bursten, Bruce E.; Murphy, Catherine J.; Woodward, Parrick (2009). Chemistry: The Central Science (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-13-600617-6. 
  3. Ebbing, Darrell D.; Gammon, Steven D (2009). General Chemistry (9th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 674. ISBN 978-0-618-85748-7. 
  4. Brown, Lawrence S.; Holme, Thomas A (2011). Chemistry for Engineering Students (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. p. 532. ISBN 978-1-4390-4791-0.