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Talk:Carbon monoxide

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Parking original content for possible later re-inclusion... --Ashcraft - (reply) 11:37, 31 January 2018 (EST)

Carbon monoxide
Carbon-monoxide-3D-vdW.png
General
Systematic name Carbon monoxide
Other names Carbonic oxide
Molecular formula CO
Molar mass Molar mass::28.010 g/mol
Appearance Colourless, odorless, gas
CAS number CAS number::630-08-0
Properties
Density and phase Density::0.789 g/mL
Solubility in water 0.0026 g/100 mL (20 °C)
Melting point Melting point::-205°C
Boiling point Boiling point::-192°C
Hazards
MSDS MSDS sheet
Main hazards

Extremely flammable.
Heating will cause rise
in pressure with
risk of bursting.

NFPA 704

NFPA 704 svg.png

4
4
0
Flash point Flammable Gas
R/S statement R: R61, R12, R23, R48/23
S: S53, S45
RTECS number FG3500000
Related compounds
Related compounds Carbon dioxide

Carbon suboxide
Carbon trioxide

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Disclaimer and references

Carbon Monoxide (abbreviated CO) it a colorless, tasteless, and invisible poisonous gas. If a person is exposed to it for to long it can cause death. CO is created by exhaust emissions from cars and furnaces and because of its toxic state, it is advised to always keep these areas well ventilated. It is an organic compound produced by only partially oxidizing a chemical compounds that contain carbon.

Properties

Carbon Monoxide is a poisonous gas that you can not smell or see. Because it is colorless, tasteless, and invisible it is more deadly. Carbon monoxide poisoning can occur when the gas is confined in a certain space. Carbon monoxide is produced from gas space heaters, furnaces, and cars. [1] If the gas is released into an area where there is little air flow than carbon monoxide poisoning will occur.[2] It will kill you if your exposed for it for to long. If you are only exposed for a short amount of time than you will begin to experience flu like symptoms. For example you will begin to have headaches, dizziness, disorientation, nausea and fatigue. The effect will be different on certain people because of the differences in age and health. [3]

Carbon Monoxide has a bond length of 0.1128 nm. The bond lengths makes it so it has a partial triple bond. Because the charge and electronegativity differs in Carbon Monoxide they cancel each other out resulting with the carbon atom having a negative charge. [4]

Occurrences

Carbon monoxide is formed at when the combustion of carbon in oxygen is incomplete and when only half as much oxygen is added. Carbon monoxide is also created when hydrocarbon fuels such as gas, diesel, and petrol are burned this results in a pollutant Carbon Monoxide.[5] It is also a byproduct of the reduction of metal oxide ores with carbon. [6] Because CO is a gas, the reduction process can take place mainly by heating. Carbon Monoxide is a anhydride of formic acid and is produced by dehydration of formic acid. This can be done with sulfuric acid or heating a mixture of calcium carbonate and powdered zinc.[7]

Zn + CaCO3 → ZnO + CaO + CO

Both ways will end in the production of Carbon Monoxide.[8] Carbon Dioxide gas is needed in order to create Carbon monoxide. It can come from either a CO2 cylinder or dry ice which is the solid form of CO2. It can also be created by the reactions between an acid and a carbonate or an acid and a hydrogen carbonate.[9]


This is an image of a lamp that could cause Carbon monoxide poisoning

Uses

Carbon Monoxide is an important chemical compound when it is in the form of producer gas or water gas. It is used as a fuel for industrial operations. [10]Another use of Carbon Monoxide is in the Fischer-Tropsch process which creates hydrocarbons which will form a combination of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Carbon Monoxide reacts with certain metals like, iron, cobalt, and nickel. After reacting they form compounds known as carbonyls. [11] Carbon Monoxide is also an effective reducing agent it reduces metal oxides to metals less reactive than carbon. Carbon monoxide is very reactive with nickel and within minutes it will begin to eat away at the surface of the nickel. The compound created Ni(CO)4 is highly toxic and has a musty smell. This toxic substance is used to create very pure nickel coatings and powders. [12]

Poisoning

A CO alarm

Carbon monoxide is attracted to haemoglobin more than oxygen. This means that in the blood carbon monoxide makes it so the haemoglobin, that is found in red blood cells, stops the blood from carrying sufficient oxygen to the body. This results in sickness and eventually death if not treated properlly.[13]Carbon monoxide is created from heaters, furnaces, gas water heaters, fireplaces, gas stoves, generators, and automobile exhaust. If the place where the gas is occupied does not have good air flow, then the gas will poison upon inhalation. If you breath in to much CO than you will die, but even if you are only partially exposed to the gas there will be health effects latter on. [14] Installing CO alarms in your home is recommended to prevent poisoning. The alarms should be placed near each bedroom to ensure the safety of the people inside the home. The alarms are designed to go off when the Carbon Monoxide levels become to high. If a CO alarm goes off then treat it like a fire alarm and get out of the building.[15]

References