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Table of showbread

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Table of Showbread, in a full size replica of the Israelite Tabernacle (Mishkan) in Timna valley, Israel.

The table of showbread or table of shewbread (Hebrew: שולחן לחם הפנים, shulchan lechem haPānīm) also referred to as the table of the Presence (Hebrew: שֻׁלְחַ֣ן הַפָּנִ֗ים, shulchan haPānīm) (Numbers 4:7 ) was a small table made of acacia wood and overlaid with pure gold. It measured 2 cubits (3 feet) in length by 1 cubit (1.5 feet) in breadth and was 1.5 cubits (2 feet, 3 inches) high. It stood on the right side of the Holy Place, along the north wall of the Tabernacle, at the right hand of the priest, across from the lampstand and held 12 loaves of bread, representing the 12 tribes of Israel (Exodus 25:23-30 ).

The bread of the Presence, lechem haPānīm, were always present, placed before God, on a specially dedicated table as a permanent expression of gratitude.[1]


  1. Birnbaum, Philip (1979). Encyclopedia of Jewish Concepts (Revised edition ed.). Brooklyn, New York: Hebrew Publishing Company. p. 312. ISBN 0-88482930-8.