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Stable isotope

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A stable isotope is one which is not radioactive.

List of stable isotopes

There are exactly 80 elements which have at least 1 stable isotope. As of September 2007, there were 244 known stable isotopes. Xenon is the only element which has 9 stable isotopes. Tin has 10 stable isotopes, more than any other element. There is no element with exactly 8 stable isotopes. Every element from hydrogen to lead has at least one stable isotope with the exceptions of technetium and promethium; elements with more than 82 protons only have radioactive isotopes, and can still occur naturally if their half-lives are of a sufficient order of magnitude, or because they occur in a decay chain of another radioactive isotope. It wasn't until 2003 that bismuth-209 was shown to be radioactive.[1] All stable isotopes are the ground states of nuclei, excluding tantalum-180, which is the excited level (the ground state of this nucleus is radioactive), but its decay is extremely strongly forbidden by spin-parity selection rules.

  1. Hydrogen-1
  2. Hydrogen-2
  3. Helium-3
  4. Helium-4
  5. Lithium-6
  6. Lithium-7
  7. Beryllium-9
  8. Boron-10
  9. Boron-11
  10. Carbon-12
  11. Carbon-13
  12. Nitrogen-14
  13. Nitrogen-15
  14. Oxygen-16
  15. Oxygen-17
  16. Oxygen-18
  17. Fluorine-19
  18. Neon-20
  19. Neon-21
  20. Neon-22
  21. Sodium-23
  22. Magnesium-24
  23. Magnesium-25
  24. Magnesium-26
  25. Aluminium-27
  26. Silicon-28
  27. Silicon-29
  28. Silicon-30
  29. Phosphorus-31
  30. Sulfur-32
  31. Sulfur-33
  32. Sulfur-34
  33. Sulfur-36
  34. Chlorine-35
  35. Chlorine-37
  36. Argon-36
  37. Argon-38
  38. Argon-40
  39. Potassium-39
  40. Potassium-41
  41. Calcium-40
  42. Calcium-42
  43. Calcium-43
  44. Calcium-44
  45. Calcium-46
  46. Scandium-45
  47. Titanium-46
  48. Titanium-47
  49. Titanium-48
  50. Titanium-49
  51. Titanium-50
  52. Vanadium-51
  53. Chromium-52
  54. Chromium-53
  55. Chromium-54
  56. Manganese-55
  57. Iron-54
  58. Iron-56
  59. Iron-57
  60. Iron-58
  61. Cobalt-59
  62. Nickel-58
  63. Nickel-60
  64. Nickel-61
  65. Nickel-62
  66. Nickel-64
  67. Copper-63
  68. Copper-65
  69. Zinc-64
  70. Zinc-66
  71. Zinc-67
  72. Zinc-68
  73. Zinc-70
  74. Gallium-69
  75. Gallium-71
  76. Germanium-70
  77. Germanium-72
  78. Germanium-73
  79. Germanium-74
  80. Arsenic-75
  81. Selenium-74
  82. Selenium-76
  83. Selenium-77
  84. Selenium-78
  85. Selenium-80
  86. Bromine-79
  87. Bromine-81
  88. Krypton-80
  89. Krypton-82
  90. Krypton-83
  91. Krypton-84
  92. Krypton-86
  93. Rubidium-85
  94. Strontium-84
  95. Strontium-86
  96. Strontium-87
  97. Strontium-88
  98. Yttrium-89
  99. Zirconium-90
  100. Zirconium-91
  101. Zirconium-92
  102. Zirconium-94
  103. Niobium-93
  104. Molybdenum-92
  105. Molybdenum-94
  106. Molybdenum-95
  107. Molybdenum-96
  108. Molybdenum-97
  109. Molybdenum-98
  110. Ruthenium-96
  111. Ruthenium-98
  112. Ruthenium-99
  113. Ruthenium-100
  114. Ruthenium-101
  115. Ruthenium-102
  116. Ruthenium-104
  117. Rhodium-103
  118. Palladium-102
  119. Palladium-104
  120. Palladium-105
  121. Palladium-106
  122. Palladium-108
  123. Palladium-110
  124. Silver-107
  125. Silver-109
  126. Cadmium-106
  127. Cadmium-108
  128. Cadmium-110
  129. Cadmium-111
  130. Cadmium-112
  131. Cadmium-114
  132. Indium-113
  133. Tin-112
  134. Tin-114
  135. Tin-115
  136. Tin-116
  137. Tin-117
  138. Tin-118
  139. Tin-119
  140. Tin-120
  141. Tin-122
  142. Tin-124
  143. Antimony-121
  144. Antimony-123
  145. Tellurium-122
  146. Tellurium-123
  147. Tellurium-124
  148. Tellurium-126
  149. Iodine-127
  150. Xenon-124
  151. Xenon-126
  152. Xenon-128
  153. Xenon-129
  154. Xenon-130
  155. Xenon-131
  156. Xenon-132
  157. Xenon-134
  158. Xenon-136
  159. Caesium-133
  160. Barium-132
  161. Barium-134
  162. Barium-135
  163. Barium-136
  164. Barium-137
  165. Barium-138
  166. Lanthanum-139
  167. Cerium-138
  168. Cerium-140
  169. Praseodymium-141
  170. Neodymium-142
  171. Neodymium-143
  172. Neodymium-145
  173. Neodymium-146
  174. Neodymium-148
  175. Samarium-144
  176. Samarium-150
  177. Samarium-152
  178. Samarium-154
  179. Europium-153
  180. Gadolinium-154
  181. Gadolinium-155
  182. Gadolinium-156
  183. Gadolinium-157
  184. Gadolinium-158
  185. Gadolinium-160
  186. Terbium-159
  187. Dysprosium-156
  188. Dysprosium-158
  189. Dysprosium-160
  190. Dysprosium-161
  191. Dysprosium-162
  192. Dysprosium-163
  193. Dysprosium-164
  194. Holmium-165
  195. Erbium-162
  196. Erbium-164
  197. Erbium-166
  198. Erbium-167
  199. Erbium-168
  200. Erbium-170
  201. Thulium-169
  202. Ytterbium-168
  203. Ytterbium-170
  204. Ytterbium-171
  205. Ytterbium-172
  206. Ytterbium-173
  207. Ytterbium-174
  208. Ytterbium-176
  209. Lutetium-175
  210. Hafnium-176
  211. Hafnium-177
  212. Hafnium-178
  213. Hafnium-179
  214. Hafnium-180
  215. Tantalum-180m
  216. Tantalum-181
  217. Tungsten-182
  218. Tungsten-183
  219. Tungsten-184
  220. Tungsten-186
  221. Rhenium-185
  222. Osmium-187
  223. Osmium-188
  224. Osmium-189
  225. Osmium-190
  226. Osmium-192
  227. Iridium-191
  228. Iridium-193
  229. Platinum-192
  230. Platinum-194
  231. Platinum-195
  232. Platinum-196
  233. Platinum-198
  234. Gold-197
  235. Mercury-198
  236. Mercury-199
  237. Mercury-200
  238. Mercury-201
  239. Mercury-202
  240. Mercury-204
  241. Thallium-203
  242. Thallium-205
  243. Lead-206
  244. Lead-207
  245. Lead-208

Related References

  1. Table of Radioactive Isotopes
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