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Quartz

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The edge of a giant quartz specimen standing about 5 foot tall - each crystal measures about 3" to 5" in length.

Quartz is the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's continental crust, after feldspar. It constitutes an important part of most igneous rocks.[1] It has a trigonal crystal structure composed of silicon–oxygen tetrahedra (silicon dioxide, SiO2). Quartz forms six-sided crystals with pyramidal terminations.[2] Has hardness 7 on the Mohs scale.[3] Brazil is well known for its deposits of quartz crystals.[1] The largest documented single crystal of quartz was found near Itaporé, Goiás, Brazil measuring approximately 6.1×1.5×1.5 m and weighing more than 44 tonnes.[4]

Uses

Quartz has many industrial uses, for example, ceramic, foundry use, use in sandblasting and also for the manufacture of products such as silicon, ferro silicon, glass, fiber glass, silicon chips, optical fibers, among other.[5]


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Zim, Herbert S.; Schaeffer, Paul R. (1957). Rocks and Minerals: A Guide to Familiar Minerals, Gems and Rocks. New York: Golden Press. p. 76. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 61-8326. 
  2. Price, Monica; Walsh, Kevin (2005). Rock and Minerals. London: Dorling Kindersley Limited. p. 143. ISBN 1-4053-0594-0. 
  3. Bingham, Caroline (2004). Rocks and Minerals. London: Dorling Kindersley Limited. p. 43. ISBN 1-4053-0090-6. 
  4. Rickwood, P. C. (1981). "The largest crystals". American Mineralogist 66: 885–907 (903). http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM66/AM66_885.pdf. 
  5. Petruk, William (2000). Applied Mineralogy in the Mining Industry. Amsterdam: Elsevier. p. 195. ISBN 0-444-50077-4.