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Propane

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Propane
Propane-2D-flat.png
General
Systematic name Tricarbane
Other names Dimethylmethane
Molecular formula H3CCH2CH3
Molar mass 44.097 g/mol
Appearance gas
CAS number 74-98-6
Properties
Density and phase
Solubility in water Not Soluble
Melting point -187.72 °C
Boiling point -42.1° C at 760 mm Hg
Structure
Molecular shape tetrahedral
Hazards
Main hazards VERY FLAMMABLE
NFPA 704

NFPA 704 svg.png

4
2
0
 
Flash point -104°C
Related compounds
Related compounds Ethane
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Disclaimer and references

In our world, today there are hundreds of different gasses. Have you ever heard of the gas propane? This is one of the most incredible and important gasses that humans use. Some uses can include pool heaters or House furnaces. Long story short this gas helps us in our everyday lives. There are some really interesting facts about this compound as well. When most people hear the word propane they automatically think it is a gas, but as I explain in my essay propane has more than one form.[1]

Where is it from

People discovered propane when they tried to store gasoline, but the problem was that the gasoline kept evaporating. Then they figured out how to turn gasoline into a gas so it could be stored. While doing this they discovered propane. Propane is found deep inside the earth is gas pockets or in the pockets of rocks. People reach it by using oil and gas wells.f [2]

Properties

This is a graph showing similar substances like propane and a little information on them

Propane's molecular formula is C3H8. Propane is a very interesting compound that has many different characteristics. Propane is a gas at regular temperatures but at certain temperatures it can be a liquid. This gas has a boiling point of 44F and therefore is a liquid at 50F. This compound is very cold and if it would come into contact with a person, their skin would freeze and lots of damage could be done to the tissue. Propane is denser than air making it heavier than air. One cubic foot of propane weighs about 0.1160 LB, and one cubic foot of air weighs 0.075 LB. Propane is insoluble in substances similar to water. It won’t mix together, but it is soluble in substances or solvents that are non polar. This includes mixtures like alcohol. Propane can go through a phase called halogenations. “Halogenation is the reaction of a halogen with a compound in which a halogen atom ends up as part of that substance.” This reaction only occurs when propane is exposed to heat or light. [3] [4]

Production

This is an oil well that propane could be found in

It is a by-product of gases from the earth. Through natural gas processing there is a liquid that is collected which is propane. Propane is also created when the crude oil refining is happening. After the propane is produced, it is stored in different size tanks that range from small to as big as a car tanks. [5]

Uses

This is a large propane tank that holds the substance

Propane is a very important compound in our society today. This compound is used in many more ways than you think it could be used. propane is used in many ways in the regular house hold. Propane can be used as pool and hot tubes heaters. When you install a pool, there is a plumbing system that filters and cleans out the dirty water. When using propane heaters, the propane is burned and as the water circulates through the system it warms up the water and warmer water enters the pool. Also, propane can provide the ultimate outside experience as well. Patios can be very chilly in the winter and in the early mornings, but propane heaters solve this problem. These heaters burn the propane and the heat radiates within a 20 feet radius, and these heaters warm up the atmosphere around 20 degrees above what the temperature is outside.

Another method of using propane is cooking. Gas stoves are much cheaper to use and cook with than electricity stoves. Propane ovens and stoves also help you control the temperature more precisely and the food will heat up more evenly than with electricity. Another plus for this is that with gas stoves you don’t need to warm up the surface because right when you turn the stove on the flame erupts and appears. The burners on the stove take a long time to cool off with electric stoves, but with gas stoves, they cool off very quickly which makes it safer to use and more child friendly. If you want to save half the price on clothes dryers, then propane is the way to go. They dry the clothes better than other options. They heat up the enclosed area much faster, so they dry twice as fast. Some electric dryers could discolor you clothes but propane dryers solve this problem.

Water heaters are also an important appliance in the house. Normal water heater take up a bunch of space but propane ones are quite smaller. If money is a big deal to you then Propane will be better to use because it's cheaper. Furnaces in your home heat the whole house. Electrical furnaces blow heat that is lower than our body heat but propane furnaces blow up to 120 degrees and for saving money they are on at different time intervals. These furnaces will last around 7 years longer than electrical furnaces as well. Some other ways of using propane includes fireplaces, generators and outside grills. All these ways of using propane is very interesting and save money and are practical.[6]

Video

This is an educational video about propane

References

  1. Author unknown. About propane propane.com. Web. Last assessed March 19, 2018
  2. Unknown author. Propane lsa.colorado.edu. Last assessed. web. March 20, 2018
  3. Author unknown. About Propane - Characteristics, Properties and Combustion propane101. Web. accessed March 5, 2018.
  4. Peterson, Tom. What are some Chemical and Physical Properties of Propane answers.tutorvist. Last published Web. July 5, 2011.
  5. Unknown author. [https://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/propane_production.html Propane Production and Distribution ] afdc.energy.gov. Last updated Web. september 9, 2017
  6. Author unknown. Propane Systems and Appliances For Everyday Comfort danielspropane . Web. accessed March 6, 2018.