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Phylloquinone

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Phylloquinone
Vk1.jpgVk3.jpg
General
Systematic name 2-methyl-3-[(2E)-3,7,11,15-
tetramethylhexadec-2-en-1-yl]
naphthoquinone
Other names Vitamin K1
Molecular formula C31H26O2
SMILES CC(C)CCCC(C)CCCC(C)
CCCC(\C)=C\CC2=C(C)C
(=O)c1ccccc1C2=O
Molar mass [[Molar mass::450.7g/mol-1]]
Appearance Clear to a yellow liquid.
CAS number CAS number::84-80-0
Properties
Solubility in water insouluble 1.26 g/100 ml
Hazards
MSDS Material safety data sheet
Flash point 113°C
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Disclaimer and references

Phylloquinone is also known as Vitamin K1. It has many uses that are beneficial from infants all the way to adults. Vitamin K can be given in the form of injections. You can find this vitamin in many green plants. Also there is yogurt and cheddar cheese where this vitamin is commonly found. When you have Vitamin K1 , found in the liver, in your body you must have strong bones. Your body uses it to make proteins that make your bones much stronger.

Properties

The fat soluble vitamin K1 is made naturally in the body by the intestines. Although it is fat soluble it is also soluble in chloroform and somewhat soluble in ethanol. You can also find it in some dairy foods like cultured milk and yogurt. Phytonadione's appearance is clear, sometimes a faded yellow liquid that has no smell. Phylloquinone gets very unstable in light, oxidants, and halogen acids. There are many people in this world that have difficulties with cardiovascular issues. The occurrence of Phylloquinone in the body can prevent the risk of heart disease. [1]

Occurrences

Goutweed (Aegopodium podagraria) is a vitamin K source.

You can find very low amounts of Phylloquinone, lipophilic compound, in plasma of the blood. Vitamin K can be made naturally, but comes in two forms in nature, Phylloquinone, and menaquinone. Both of those natural forms can be synthesized by bacteria. The third type of vitamin K, menadione, is not made in nature so is therefore man made. The different types of vitamin K's have different purposes. Some help make liver proteins while others preform blood clotting. Phylloquinone is also somewhat responsible for turning glucose into glycogen, which can be kept in the liver. People will often take more vitamin K if their blood it too thin or if they have very weak bones. You will find vitamin K in a lot of green plant food sources. The following plants have good amount of vitamin K in them, alfalfa, soybeans, and cauliflower. Also there are foods like cheddar cheese, and oats that are packed with vitamin K. [2]

Uses

Phylloquinone is used by the liver to help make coagulation factors 2, 7, 9 and 10. It also has many useful medical purposes. This vitamin can help cure toxins from warfarin, and it can help cure coumatetralyl by making an antidote. Our body uses Vitamin K1 as protein formers that our bones use to help them grow. Also one of the things that it is used is to make anticoagulant proteins C and S. One large use is that it is used to transport chains of chloroplasts using electrons. This vitamin K is often given medicinally in the form of an injection. Even though Vitamin K1 is made in the body, if it is given as an injection the body can use it the same way. You should consider getting an injection or eating for vitamin K1 if your body is not making enough prothrombin, proconvertin, plasma thromboplastin, or Stuart factor by the liver. It is metabolized very fast by the liver because there aren't any traces of unmetabolized Vitamin K1 in urine. Vitamin K1 injections are usually given to newborn babies if they have hemorrhagic disease, or if a adult has hypoprothrombinemia. if Someone does have hypoprothrombinemia they will be treated with a antibacterial therapy. [3]

Health Advantages

Phylloquinone is very useful in the health department as it can help cure any vitamin K1 deficiencies. It has many advantages towards your health and some side effects. One way that a healthy intake of Vitamin K is Bone health. When you take vitamin K1 your body uses it to make proteins and those proteins make your bones get strong. If you mix Vitamin K1 with calcium you would extremely increase the fight against osteoporosis. This vitamin is also very good for blood clotting. People with intensive nosebleeds usually increase their intake of vitamin K. Also newborn babies will be given Vitamin K for things like Hemorrhagic disease, or if there is excessive bleeding when the doctor cuts the umbilical cord. [4]

References