Hur (Hebrew: חור, Khūr; "Name means::white linen") (ca. Born::2428 AM–Died::2553 AM) was the most famous son of Caleb, the son of Hezron, in the tribe of Judah. He stood beside Moses in the first major battle that the nation of Israel had to fight, and his grandson made one of the finest and most spiritually significant collections of artifacts in history.
The most important descendant of Hur is his grandson Bezaleel, the master craftsman of the Tabernacle. Bezaleel's father was Hur's son Uri. (1_Chronicles 2:20 ) Hur had at least three other sons, and these men, or their descendants, were the founders of Kiriath-jearim, Bethlehem, and Beth-gader. (1_Chronicles 2:50-51 )
Flavius Josephus stated that Miriam married Hur. The Bible does not corroborate this, but Miriam and Hur were almost the same age, so such a marriage would have been possible and reasonable. It would also have had a precedent, because Aaron married Elisheba, who was Hur's first cousin once removed. Yet Aaron, and not Hur, interceded for Miriam when she was struck with leprosy for making rebellious statements against Moses. (Numbers 12 ) Hur, as her husband, would have been expected to make the intercession, unless he were already dead (see below).
Date of Birth
Floyd Nolen Jones estimates that Hur was born 85 years before the Exodus of Israel. Though the Bible does not give Hur's age at that time, he is of the same generation as Moses and Aaron and probably was born within a few years of those men's birthdays.
In the first year of the Exodus of Israel, some Amalekites attacked the Israelites from the rear. Joshua chose some men to fight them, and Moses, Aaron, and Hur climbed a high hill to watch the battle. As long as Moses could hold his staff high, the Israelites could prevail, so Aaron and Hur held Moses' arms high, one on each side. Thus the Israelites won their first major battle. (Exodus 17:10-12 )
When Moses climbed Mount Sinai to receive the Tablets of Law containing the Ten Commandments, and the designs for the Tabernacle and its associated artifacts, he left Aaron and Hur behind, with full authority to hear all legal matters. (Exodus 24:14 ) That Hur failed to stop the building of the golden calf was a dereliction of duty almost as serious as that of Aaron. But the rabbinical literature, as quoted by Hirsch et al., suggests that Hur reprimanded the people for even thinking to build such an idol, and they murdered him and thus intimidated Aaron.
If Hur did not die in the golden calf incident, then he probably died in the last year before the invasion of Canaan, along with every other adult at the time of the first scout of Canaan by Joshua, Caleb the Kenizzite, and their colleagues.
- Hirsch EG, Seligsohn M, Jacobs J, and Ginzberg L, "Hur," The Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906. Accessed January 15, 2009.
- Josephus, Antiquities, 3.2.4
- Jones, Floyd N., The Chronology of the Old Testament, Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2004, Chart 3b.