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Cluster of cells of Halobacterium sp. strain NRC-1

The Halobacteria (also Halomebacteria) are a class of the Euryarchaeota.[1] Halobacteria live in only those environments that have a high concentration of salt, such as salt ponds.[2] Halobacteria possess a light-driven C1-pump to carry ionic current.[3]

Near the shore of the dry Owens Lake. The pink coloration is caused by halobacteria living in a thin layer of brine on the surface of the lake bed.


  1. "NCBI taxonomy resources". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 08-15/2012. 
  2. Ness, Bryan D. (revised edition); Knight, Jeffrey A. (first edition), ed. (2004). Encyclopedia of Genetics. Pasadena, California/Hackensack, New Jersey: Salem Press. p. 55. ISBN 1-58765-150-5. 
  3. Freedman, Jeffrey C (2001). "1:Biophysical Chemistry of Physiological Solutions". In Sperelakis, Nicholas. Cell Physiology Sourcebook:A Molecular Approach (3rd ed.). San Diego, California: Academic Press. p. 11. ISBN 0-12-656977-0.