Ger toshav (Hebrew: גר תושב, ger toshav -- ger "foreigner" + toshav "resident"), is a term used in Judaism to refer to a gentile who is a "resident alien", that is, one who lives in a Jewish state and has certain protections under Jewish law, and is considered a righteous gentile (Hebrew: חסיד אומות העולם, hassid umot ha-olam -- "pious among the nations").
- Ger toshav in Wikipedia
- Rabbi Shlomo Yosef Zevin, ed. (5739 (1979)). "Ger Toshav, Section 1" (in Hebrew). Encyclopedia Talmudit (Fourth Printing ed.). Jerusalem, Israel: Yad Harav Herzog (Emet).