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Eczema

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Three of the most common symptoms of Eczema.

Eczema is a common condition of the skin resulting in many different symptoms, which can vary in severity. The term Eczema is actually a basic term which describes some type of inflammation in the skin. The intensity of the eczema determines just how visible the condition can be. The most common and mild example of eczema simply looks a bit red and can feel slightly irritated and red. Moderate eczema is the next step up, resulting in much more visible redness, flakiness, etc. Severe Eczema is the most extreme case, and this type can lead to cracking of skin, strong itchiness, bleeding (due to scratching), red spots (risen), swelling, etc. The condition of eczema actually proceeds in cycles. For example, one day your skin may seem clear or only slightly red, and the next your skin could be uncontrollably itching, bright red and flaky. [1] For more symptoms of Eczema, take a look at this list provided by The National Eczema Association: dry, sensitive skin, red, inflamed skin, very bad itching, dark colored patches of skin, oozing or crusting, and areas of swelling. [2]

Types of Eczema

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis on the arm crease.

The most common version of Eczema is called Atopic Dermatitis (AD). The root "atopic" usually refers to a hereditary allergy, while dermatitis is defined as "inflammation of the skin". Commonly found in people with asthma or hay fever, Atopic Dermatitis is a chronic condition which has no known cure. [3] Those with a family history of Eczema will often acquire this condition shortly after birth. But it is also common for signs of Atopic Dermatitis to appear at any other age. Another opening for this skin irritation can be through an untreated area of skin which is lacking moisture and acquiring germs. Atopic Dermatitis can appear almost anywhere on the body, but most cases are of found on the face, hands, feet, inner elbows, and behind the knee. [4]

Contact Dermatitis

An example of what contact dermatitis might look like

This type of eczema is a condition of damaged skin due to the use of some sort of chemical or liquid. There are two different categories of Contact Dermatitis: irritant and allergic. Irritant damage can be caused by simple things like hand washing or contact with some sort of chemical. Allergic damage can be cause by different types of skin makeup or by different types of plants like poison ivy. There are some steroid medications that can be used to help manage this type of eczema, but the most basic help is simple moisturizers. A change of soap and wearing of gloves are smart actions to help this condition and many other medical conditions.[4]

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis

Dyshidrosis dermatitis on the sole of foot.

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis is a version of Eczema that affects the hands and feet. This type is not always chronic, and the cause of it its unknown. Symptoms of this are blisters and scaly patches.[4] Blisters that occur are usually small and will go away within a short matter of weeks. However, these often recur in the same or new locations of the feet or hands. [5]

Nummular Dermatitis

Nummular Dermatitis on calf and knee.

This skin condition is most commonly known to form in coin-shaped sores. They may be wet, oozing, dry, itchy. The most common location of this eczema are legs, backs of the hands, forearms, lower back, hips, feet. [6] The cause of this eczema is unknown, but exposure to chemicals, metals, and insect bites are suspect for their appearance. Steroids and antibiotics are available to help manage symptoms, along with simply soaking the skin in lukewarm water and avoiding irritation of rubbing fabrics or other harsh materials.[4]

Neurodermatitis

Neurodermatitis is a type of Eczema that is caused by a formed habit of scratching in a particular area of the skin. The most commonly affected areas are: back, sides or back of the neck, genitals, scalp, wrists, ankles, inside and behind the ear.[4] Discoloration of the skin and patches of scaly skin are common symptoms. The best cure for this condition is to avoid scratching completely and medical steroids. [7]

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrhoeic dermatitis on the head and scalp.

Seborrheic Dermatitis is the scientific name for dandruff. This condition can affect the scalp (common in infants), eyebrows, side of know, behind ear, groin, chest, etc. More extreme cases of dandruff can include redness of skin, itching or burning, swollen or crusty skin.[4] This condition can be a result of hormonal changes or illness, yeast infections, irritating chemicals or washes, or the over growth of yeast in a particular area. Medications and lotions are common managers of this eczema.[8]

Stasis Dermatitis

An extreme example of Stasis dermatitis.

This skin condition occurs when the veins of someone's legs do not properly transport blood to the heart. Results of this can be darkening of skin in spots.[4] More serve conditions of this can be different types of extreme scarring. There are some creams to improve this condition, along with elevation and soaking of the skin. However some cases may require medications.[9]

Video

This is an educational video all about the symptoms, management, details, ect. of Eczema.

Skin Diseases

References

  1. Understanding Eczema Neosporin. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016. Unknown Author.
  2. Eczema National Association. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016. Unknown Author.
  3. Understanding Eczema Neosporin. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016. Unknown Author.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Types of Eczema Web MD. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016. Unknown Author.
  5. Mayo Clinic Staff Print Dyshidrosis Mayo Clinic. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016.
  6. Eczema National Association. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016. Unknown Author.
  7. Eczema National Association. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016. Unknown Author.
  8. Eczema National Association. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016. Unknown Author.
  9. Eczema National Association. Web. Accessed: October 22, 2016. Unknown Author.