The Creation Wiki is made available by the NW Creation Network
Watch monthly live webcast - Like us on Facebook - Subscribe on YouTube

Dilleniidae

From CreationWiki, the encyclopedia of creation science
Jump to: navigation, search

Dillenidae is a botanical name at the rank of subclass. Circumscription of the subclass will vary with the taxonomic system being used; the only requirement being that it includes the family Dilleniaceae. A well-known system that uses this name is the Cronquist system.[1]

Families

  • Actinidiaceae
  • Diapensiaceae
  • Malvaceae
  • Sarraceniaceae
  • Begoniaceae
  • Dilleniaceae
  • Monotropaceae
  • Sterculiaceae
  • Bixaceae
  • Droseraceae
  • Myrsinaceae
  • Styracaceae
  • Bombacaceae
  • Ebenaceae
  • Nepenthaceae
  • Tamaricaceae
  • Brassicaceae
  • Elaeocarpaceae
  • Ochnaceae
  • Theaceae
  • Capparaceae
  • Empetraceae
  • Paeoniaceae
  • Theophrastaceae
  • Caricaceae
  • Epacridaceae
  • Passifloraceae
  • Tiliaceae
  • Cistaceae
  • Ericaceae
  • Primulaceae
  • Turneraceae
  • Clethraceae
  • Flacourtiaceae
  • Pyrolaceae
  • Violaceae
  • Clusiaceae
  • Fouquieriaceae
  • Resedaceae
  • Cochlospermaceae
  • Lecythidaceae
  • Salicaceae
  • Cucurbitaceae
  • Loasaceae
  • Sapotaceae

Subclass consisting of 77 families, and about 25,000 species of angiosperms - the bulk of the subclass coming from five orders: Violales, Capparales, Ericales, Theales, and Malvales. They are more advanced than the Magnoliidae by being syncarpous and less advanced than the Asteridae by being largely polypetalous rather than sympetalous or having more than two fused carpels. The Dilleniidae has been distinguished from the Rosidae in that species with numerous stamens have the stamens initiated in centrifugal sequence and commonly exhibiting parietal placentation which is rare in Rosidae.

Molecular studies indicate that the Dilleniidae are not a natural group and should be broken up. Two carnivorous families belong to Caryophyllidae. Most of the sympetalous families belong to the largely sympetalous Asteridae. The remainder of the Dilleniidae belong to various and different lineages of the expanded Rosidae.[2]


Higher Classification

[3]

  • Kingdom: Plantae – Plants
  • Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
  • Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
  • Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
  • Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons

References

  1. Dilleniidae Wikipedia.
  2. Subclass: Dilleniidae U.W.-Madison, Department of Botany
  3. Classification United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service