Cush (Hebrew: כוש, Kûš) is the name of a geographic area mentioned in the Bible located on the upper Nile, south of Egypt namely Nubia or northern Sudan, 'Ethiopia' of classical writers. The territory would be better designated as Nubia, the region south of the first cataract of the river Nile. It was settled by the Cushites (or Ethiopians).
The first mention of the term Cush is in Genesis 2:13 when mention the river Gihon, the second arm of the River Eden, which surrounded the land of Cush. But this, as well as Genesis 10:8 , is a reference to an early Mesopotamian Cush, Asiatic, probably the Kassites. The Topaz came from Cush Job 28:19 . The wife of Moses was a cushite making her the target of criticism from Miriam and Aaron as in Numbers 12:1 .
- Douglas, J. D., ed. (1980). The Illustrated Bible Dictionary. 1. Inter-Varsity Press/Tyndale House Publishers. p. 349-350. ISBN 0-8423-7525-2.
- Pfeiffer, Charles F (1979). Baker´s Bible Atlas. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. p. 30. ISBN 0-8010-6930-0.
- Unger, Merrill F (1988). Harrison, R. K.. ed. The New Unger´s Bible Dictionary. Chicago: Moody Press. p. 267. ISBN 0-8024-9037-9.
- Douglas, J.D.; Tenney, Merril C, ed. (1987). The New International Dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House. p. 244. ISBN 0-310-33190-0.