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Carbon monoxide

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Carbon monoxide
Carbon.png
General
Systematic name Methanidylidyneoxidanium
Other names

Carbon monooxide
Carbonous oxide
Carbon(II)
oxideCarbonylFlue gas
Monoxide

Molecular formula CO
Molar mass 28.010 g/mol
Appearance colorless gas
CAS number 630-08-0
Properties
Density and phase 789 kg/m3, liquid

1.250 kg/m3 at 0 °C, 1 atm 1.145 kg/m3 at 25 °C, 1 atm

Melting point −205.02 °C (−337.04 °F; 68.13 K)
Boiling point −191.5 °C (−312.7 °F; 81.6 K)
Hazards
MSDS Material safety data sheet
Main hazards Highly toxic, flammable
NFPA 704

NFPA 704 svg.png

4
3
0
Flash point −191 °C (−311.8 °F; 82.1 K)

Carbon Monoxide is a deadly, toxic gas that is colorless, and odorless. This has been used in manufacturing and in nature and comes from natural burning substances like oil, and wood. Carbon monoxide’s toxicity is a result of its absorption by red blood cells in preference to oxygen, this interferes with the transport of oxygen from the lungs to the tissues, in which it is required. Indication of carbon monoxide poisoning include headache, weakness, dizzines, and difficulty breathing. Treatment has to be immediate and includes respiratory assistance and the administration of oxygen.

Properties

Description

The properties of carbon dioxide can be categorized by whether they describe the physical, chemical, or environmental features of this gas.

Chemical

the chemical properties of carbon dioxide are fairly constant under a range of conditions. A single carbon dioxide unit will always contain of a single carbon atom bonded to two atoms of oxygen. This bond is very strong, and helps to make carbon dioxide one of the most stable of all molecules.[1]

Physical

Carbon monoxide has many physical properties including coal gas, coal fumes, and wood gas. This gas is Colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-corrosive, highly poisonous gas of about the same density as that of air and also Very flammable, burning in air with bright blue flame. carbon dioxide is very stable, and is largely unaffected as it mixes with many other materials in the atmosphere. The physical properties of it can change by temperature however. this material is a gas under most conditions, carbon dioxide forms a solid substance at temperatures below -70 degrees Celsius. It may also transform into a liquid when it is dissolved in water under constant pressure [2]

Synthesis / Occurrences

Description

Carbon monoxide is made of carbon and oxygen. Carbon monoxide is very dangerous because it bonds more with hemoglobin more than oxygen does. This means that in even pretty small levels carbon monoxide can kill - as your body isn't getting enough oxygen. Unlike oxygen carbon monoxide bonds permanently with haemoglobin, so if your poisoning is severe enough you have to have a blood transfusion to get rid of it. it's undetectable by your senses you should consider getting a carbon monoxide detector, which will warn you if there is any present. Carbon monoxide is usually produced when heating systems such as boilers aren't running efficiently. [3]

A sign of carbon monoxide poisoning is extreme tiredness, headaches and flu-like symptoms. carbon monoxide is hard to detect it is the most significant form of poisoning in many countries.[4]

Uses

carbon monoxide is a industrial compound and can be used as a producer gas or a water gas or a fuel in industrial operations and csn be used as a reducing agent. an example of this would be when carbon monoxide goes over iron oxides it converts the oxides to a metallic iron and the carbon monoxide changes to carbon dioxide. Carbon can also be used in the Fischer-Tropsch process for the manufacture of hydrocarbons and the oxygen comes from the mix of carbon monoxide and hydrogyn. Some of the carbonyls have unusual physical and chemical properties that make them useful in industry. The highly toxic nickel tetracarbonyl, for example, is used to produce very pure nickel coatings and power. [2]

Video

why carbon monoxide is so deadly

References

  1. Chemical Properties of Carbon Monoxide Atominstry.com. Web.Accessed March 20,2018. Author unknown.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Carbon Monoxide PubChem.com. Web. Accessed March 20, 2018. Author unknown.
  3. Carbon MonoxideScience Clarafied.com. Web. Accessed March 20, 2018. Author unknown.
  4. How is Carbon Monoxide Created doityourself.com. Web. Accessed on March 20, 2018.Author unknown.