Republic of Austria
Map of Austria
Location of Austria on the European continent
|Anthem: Land der Berge, Land am Strome (German)
Land of Mountains, Land by the River
|Patron Saint(s): Saint Leopold III|
|Government||Federal Parliamentary republic|
|-||2007 estimate||8,316,487 (93)|
|GDP (PPP)||2007 estimate|
|-||Per capita||38,180 (8)|
|GDP (nominal)||2007 estimate|
|-||Per capita||44,851 (12)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|-||Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Austria (German: Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The capital city is Vienna.
The origins of modern Austria date back to the ninth century, when the countryside of upper and lower Austria became increasingly populated. The name "Ostarrichi" is first documented in an official document from 996. Since then this word has developed into the German word Österreich.
- Prior to 1999, the national currency was the Austrian Schilling (öS).