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Austria

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Republik Österreich
Republic of Austria
Location of Austria on the European continent
Map of Austria
Location of Austria on the European continent
Location of Austria on the European continent
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Land der Berge, Land am Strome (German)
Land of Mountains, Land by the River

Patron Saint(s): Saint Leopold III
CapitalVienna
Official language(s) German
Demonym Austrian
Government Federal Parliamentary republic
 -  Chancellor Alfred Gusenbauer
Independence
 -  Water (%) 1.7
Population
 -  2007 estimate 8,316,487 (93)
 -  2001 census 8,032,926 
 -  Density 99/km2 (99)
256.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total 317,007,000,000 (34)
 -  Per capita 38,180 (8)
GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate
 -  Total 371,219,000,000 (23)
 -  Per capita 44,851 (12)
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Internet TLD .at
Calling code 43
Template:Lower [1]


Austria (German: Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The capital city is Vienna.

History

The origins of modern Austria date back to the ninth century, when the countryside of upper and lower Austria became increasingly populated. The name "Ostarrichi" is first documented in an official document from 996. Since then this word has developed into the German word Österreich.

External links

References

  1. Prior to 1999, the national currency was the Austrian Schilling (öS).