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Ahijah (Ithamarite)

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Ahiah or Ahijah (Hebrew: אחיה, ʼAkhiyāh; "Name means::brother of YHWH") (fl. ca. 2908 AM–ca. 2938 AM) was the ninth high priest of Israel and the first to serve as high priest in the United Kingdom of Israel.

Identity and family

 
 
 
descendant of::Eli
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hophni
 
Phinehas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ahitub
 
Ichabod
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ahijah
 
brother of::Ahimelech I
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Abiathar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ahimelech II
 
Jonathan

Ahijah was the son of Ahitub, son of Phinehas, son of Eli. He was serving as high priest in the second full year of the reign of Saul.[1] (1_Samuel 14:3,18 )

Some commentators insist that this Ahijah is the same man as Ahimelech I, the high priest who was summarily executed after he helped David to flee from Saul.[2] However, he is more likely to be Ahimelech's older brother. The name Ahijah means brother of God, whereas the name Ahimelech means brother of the king.

Career

Ahijah is mentioned in connection with one incident: the unauthorized but victorious action of Jonathan against a Philistine garrison, and the subsequent trial of Jonathan for eating honey when Saul had made everyone swear not to eat anything until the Philistines were vanquished.[3] (1_Samuel 14 )


Preceded by
Successor of::Ahitub (Ithamarite)
Member of::High priest
Flourit::2908 AMDied::2938 AM
Succeeded by
Succeeded by::Ahimelech I

See Also

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References

  1. Levi GB and Ginzberg L, "Ahijah, Ahiah, Ahijahu," The Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906. Accessed January 4, 2009.
  2. Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Ahiah, or Ahijah'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". <http://www.biblestudytools.net/Dictionaries/SmithsBibleDictionary/smt.cgi?number=T164>. 1901. Accessed January 4, 2009.
  3. Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". <http://www.studylight.org/com/acc/view.cgi?book=1sa&chapter=014>. 1832. Accessed January 4, 2009.